Life In The Shade


Ali Hamed Haghdoust

Sarbisheh, South Khorasan province, near the border between Iran and Afghanistan - 2018.The more you get far from the central and big cities of Iran, you can see the culture of patriarchy more than anywhere else. In the meantime, women living in Iran's remote villages and towns are the main victims of this ancient culture. They are subject to the decisions and orders of their father at any age until the marriage, and after the marriage a decision is made by another man who is her husband. Iranian women in Iran over the past years have been subject to certain rules and conditions that are rooted in the culture of patriarchy, and now, although this culture is fading with the spread of technology, changing lifestyles and urbanization, and raising the level of women's literacy, Women in some villages in Iran are still the victims of this culture and attitude.

But the story of these pictures goes back on for years, when many Afghans migrated to Iran due to internal conflicts in Afghanistan. Despite the return of many Afghans to their country, about four million Afghan people live in different parts of Iran. Afghan immigrants have been accepted into Iranian society for religious and linguistic reasons, and they are marrying Iranian girls. These marriages are observed in the cities and regions of the east of the country in areas such as Sistan and Baluchestan, Khorasan Razavi and South Khorasan, Yazd and some southern parts of the province of Kerman and Tehran more than other parts of the country. According to official statistics released by Mohammad Ali Salehi, Cultural Deputy of the National Iranian Ministry of Interiors, since 1358 SH, 23181 Iranian women have married to Iraqi and Afghan men.

If we cite informal statistics, this will be even more. These women, before marrying and choosing their couple, are affected by factors such as poverty and proximity to the border areas of Afghanistan, due to several factors such as the compulsion of their poor parents to reduce the number of their dependent children and reduce their expenses. Marriage, which begins with a legal contract, but not in the office, nor even in the birth certificate (ID card). But this is not the whole issue, because the problem arises when the children of these couples are born. Since these marriages have not been officially registered, these children will not be able to apply for and receive identity papers until the age of 18, and will face a number of identity and educational crises in the future. These children exist in reality, but they are not registered anywhere. In the meantime, Baluchi children without birth certificates are no exception. However, in the past, these children could not study, but with the order of the leader of the Islamic Revolution, seventy-five thousand Afghan children who did not have identity papers enrolled in schools and are studying nowadays.